December 8, 1943

TIME FOR PEARL HARBOR TRIAL
To Occur within Six Months
WASHINGTON, D.C.—Congressional decree issued yesterday, the two-year anniversary of the Pearl Harbor attack, calls for court-martial proceedings against Admiral Husband E. Kimmel begin within six months. The court martial for Lieutenant General Walter C. Short is included in this decree. Kimmel was in charge of the Pacific Fleet and Short was in charge of the Hawaiian Military Establishment at the time of the Pearl Harbor attack. Both face dereliction of duty charges in courts martial. During the senate debate yesterday, Senator Clark of Missouri pressed for impeachment of Secretary of War Stimson and Secretary of Navy Knox if they would not initiate immediate courts martial. The Senate then altered the statute of limitation from one year past the end of the war to six months from yesterday, and the House approved the revised bill.

December 1, 1943

RATION POINT CHANGES
Beef Goes Down; Cheese, Fish Go Up
WASHINGTON, D.C.—Announced last night by Chester Bowles, head of the Office of Price Administration (OPA), the point value for beef will be substantially cut for December. This will allow greater quantities of beef to be purchased. The point value for lamb, mutton, veal, and many cuts of pork will remain unchanged as will the values for butter and margarine. Pork values were adjusted in November. That combined with the cuts in beef for December represent approximately a thirty per cent increase in the amount of meat a family can purchase compared to November. Cheese and canned fish products will see dramatic increases in point values meaning consumers will not be able to purchase as much. The OPA will announce specific point values later in the week, and they will go into effect the 5th, this Sunday.

November 24, 1943

PATTON STRIKES SOLDIER
Apology Ordered by Eisenhower
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, ALGIERS—Lieutenant General George S. Patton, Jr., struck a shell-shocked soldier twice while he was being treated in a hospital tent. The general berated the soldier and said he and others like him are “yellow bellies” and would have been shot in the First World War. General Patton believed the soldier to be a malingerer, but he in fact had an excellent record in Tunisia and Sicily. General Dwight D. Eisenhower wrote to General Patton immediately on hearing of the incident and, according to a staff officer, “took the hide off him.” The incident occurred during the campaign for Sicily in August, but was only disclosed yesterday. After revelation of the incident, Congress censured the general, but took no additional steps toward investigating the incident despite calls for such by some members.

November 17, 1943

SENATE PROBES LIQUOR HOARDING
Liquor Stock Prices Down
WASHINGTON, D.C.—Late yesterday the Senate voted to investigate alleged hoarding of liquor by distillers. Funding of ten thousand dollars has been provided for the sub-committee investigation. Reports indicate liquor shelves devoid of rye and Bourbon in many areas of the country despite distillers having stock in governmental storage. Chairman Van Nuys of the investigating sub-committee described the situation as “an emergency.” He further stated the situation is driving people to black-market liquor purchases. Stock prices for most large distillers have taken a downturn in recent days, but this is more likely due to profit-taking in the markets than the impending Senate investigation.

November 10, 1943

WHISKEY RATIONING HITS
Holidays May Not Be as Merry
HARRISBURG, Penn.—Pennsylvania will become the sixteenth of seventeen states that have a liquor control boards to adoption a rationing system for whiskey. The program is described as experimental and will be in place prior to the holiday season. The intent is to alleviate the long lines of customers that develop under the current system. The new rationing program will continue after the trial period if it is successful, but will be discontinued if not. There are at present no details on when or how the new rationing system will be put in place other than an indication it will commence in the near future. Whiskey is the only spirit falling under the rationing program. Rum and wine will remain unregulated, and brandy and gin will remain under the current one-bottle limit.

November 3, 1943

FROM TIRES TO SHOES
New Life for Old Rubber
CHICAGO, Ill.—Worn out tires may get a new life as shoes. Henry M. Spelman, Jr. made this prediction yesterday at the National Shoe Retailer’s Association conference here. Spelman is the chief of the leather products and shoe section of the Office of Civilian Requirements (OCR). He indicated fewer civilian shoes would be produced next year due to a shortage of leather and lack of manpower “…unless the supply situation changes materially.” He went on to predict that spent tire carcasses may provide a solution: “We have in reserve a large number of potential shoe soles that can be cut from properly selected worn tire carcasses…” He further stated, “Past use has indicated that they give better service and wear than most any of the presently available sole leathers.”

October 27, 1943

OPA ANNOUNCES NEW CONTROLS
Cattle, Hosiery Affected
WASHINGTON, D.C.—The Office of Price Administration (OPA) yesterday announced the retail price ceiling for women’s rayon hosiery to be increased by twenty-three to thirty-eight cents. The amount of increase is dependent on the gauge of hosiery. The higher grades of hosiery fall under this new order. The OPA stated the previous ceilings were not adequate to cover production costs incurred in the manufacture. Also announced yesterday are tighter controls on live beef cattle. Economic Stabilization Director Fred M. Vinson said the new plan is intended to help slaughters who are bound by controlled retail meat prices by regulating the price they pay for live beef. Retail meat prices are not affected by this plan.

October 20, 1943

FDR SON WOUNDED IN BATTLE
Purple Heart for Naval Officer
WASHINGTON, D.C.—Lieutenant Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr., the fourth son of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and the fifth of six children, has been wounded in combat, it was reported yesterday. The wound is not serious, a minor jagged cut near the base of his thumb. Lt. Roosevelt was told by the surgeon who stitched up the wound that he could receive the Purple Heart for the wound, to which the lieutenant replied it should require a wound much greater than his to receive that medal. Lt. Roosevelt is the executive officer on a warship that was in the Mediterranean Sea when the enemy action occurred. Senator Richard Russell, Jr., a Democrat from Georgia, provided the information to reporters during a luncheon at the White House. Senator Russell is the chairman of a special committee that recently had been inspecting battlefronts.

October 13, 1943

GASOLINE CUTS PREDICTED
Will Be Lower Quality As Well
WASHINGTON, D.C.—The Office of War Information (OWI) yesterday released the results of a survey indicating the quickly increasing demand for gasoline by the rapid build-up of the armed forces. The OWI predicted this will necessitate additional drastic cuts in civilian use through restrictions on driving. The OWI further predicted what gasoline will be available for civilian use will be of a lower quality than current gasoline stock. The OWI survey was released on the heels of news the Petroleum Administration for War (PAW) has been reorganized in the area of foreign oil sources. This reorganization is intended to make better and greater use of foreign oil sources to alleviate the strain on domestic sources.

October 6, 1943

OIL TO COME FROM IRAN
Will Reduce Strain on U.S.
WASHINGTON, D.C.—President Roosevelt yesterday stated that Allied forces will be receiving more oil and gasoline from Iran. Plans are underway to increase the flow of these vital resources directly to the United Nations forces on the fighting fronts. This will help reduce the strain placed on American oil producers to supply oil and gasoline to the war effort. Mr. Roosevelt indicated the limiting factor is currently the availability of shipping. The British have long desired to increase oil and gasoline shipments from their colonial holdings, but have been hampered by lack of available shipping.

September 29, 1943

CHICKEN CEILING CUT
OPA Releases New Point Values
WASHINGTON, D.C.—The Office of Price Administration (OPA) has released a series of orders affecting point values for various foodstuffs. The orders will go into effect over the next two weeks. The order covering poultry, which goes into effect October 12, lowers the price ceiling on “quick frozen eviscerated” poultry by three and one half cents per pound. This is the type of chicken sold by dealers offering frozen foods. Dressed poultry, however, increases by one cent per pound. Other meats have relatively unchanged point values under the new orders. Butter is increased dramatically to decrease consumption, from twelve to sixteen points. This is a result of a ten per cent reduction in butter output in September.

September 22, 1943

WAR BONDS FALLING SHORT
States Not Meeting Drive Goals
WASHINGTON, D.C.—The Department of the Treasury reported yesterday that the quota for the Third War Loan, or war bond drive, is not being met at the state or national level. Only one state is meeting its quota: Maryland is at one hundred seven per cent of quota. Rhode Island is near quota at ninety-eight per cent. Six other states are in the range of seventy to ninety per cent of quota. Arkansas is the lowest in sales at only thirty-one per cent of quota with Idaho and New Mexico in similarly low standing at thirty-six per cent of quota. Daily bond sales dropped yesterday to $425,000,000, which was the thirteenth day of the drive. The drive remains $3, 830,000,000 short of the $15,000,000,000 goal. The Department of the Treasury is calling for those who would buy a small value of bonds to increase their participation in the drive to help meet the goal.

September 15, 1943

ITALIAN WARSHIPS FLEE TO ALLIES
Unlikely to Join Fight Soon
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, North Africa—It was revealed here yesterday that eighty Italian warships have fled the Axis control and are in the hands of the Allies in Malta and Gibraltar. Additionally, numerous Italian merchant vessels are steaming toward Allied ports. The list of warships in Allied hands included five battleships, one seaplane carrier, eight cruisers, nineteen submarines, twenty-seven destroyers, twelve torpedo boats, six corvettes, one auxiliary ship, and one hospital ship. The Italian vessels are unlikely to join the fight along the Allies anytime soon. The Allies do not have the caliber and type of ammunition to supply the Italian vessels, so industry will either have to retool or the ships will need to wait until their munitions facilities in Turin and Genoa are wrested from the Nazi grip.

September 8, 1943

MILK TO FALL UNDER CONTROL
Plan Expected this Week
WASHINGTON, D.C.—The War Food Administration (WFA) is expected to announce this week a plan to control the sales of fluid milk. The milk controls are expected to apply in areas that are considered in short supply of milk. Last week, the WFA announced the supply of milk-based products, such as cheese and butter, is being threatened by a reduced supply of fluid milk due to increased consumption. Under the WFA plan, target consumption of fluid milk will be set at the current level. Priority for the supply of fluid milk will be given to home use over use by commercial eateries. The plan is waiting for approval from WFA head Marvin Jones.

September 1, 1943

GAS RATIONING MAY CHANGE
New System under Consideration
WASHINGTON, D.C.—Chairman of the eastern congressional gasoline conference, Representative Fred A. Hartley, stated yesterday that an overhaul of the current system of gasoline rationing is being considered by the Office of Price Administration (OPA). Hartley, a Republican from New Jersey, did not claim to have official information, but said he was “…given to understand the Office of Price Administration is now considering it.” Under the “entirely new system,” coupons would be numbered and issued by specialized ration boards called banks. The goal of this system would be to curtail black-market sales of ration coupons. Numbered coupons could be tracked from issuance through use.